Oaxen - History
West of the fairway between Södertälje
and Landsort the island Oaxen is situated. Some
professors means thats its origin comes from the
word "Ohagsön", which in swedish
means that the island was in the way for the shipping.
The island has an unusual bedrock which mostly contains
limestone. The extraction of limestone continued
with varying success until 1867. The year after
"Karta & Oaxen lime works" started
up. ("Karta & Oaxen kalkbruk")
The request for lime increased during the end of
the 19th century in consequence of an increasing
construction work especially in the Stockholm area.
That means a good market for the limestone that
was extracted on Oaxen. In the beginning, most of
the lime-deliveries off the island was made by boat.
When the operation was rationalized after world
war II the more common transportation became trucks
via the ferry to Mörkö which still is
in use. In the beginning the conditions for the
habitants on the small lime rich island was quite
miserable. It got better when the limetone trade
developed. During the 1880 th a grocery shop and
a school was founded. At the turn of the century
more houses was constructed and the population increased
to approximately a hundred persons. During the 1930
the works was overtaken by Cementakoncernen (The
cement concern) which however put the business on
Oaxen down at 1974.
"Text: Kulturmiljöer i Södertälje,
Södertälje kommun 1999"
(Översättning/translation made by Info
Tech Nordic HB 2003)
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